Acid erosion is the loss of tooth enamel caused by an acid attack. Enamel is the hard, protective coating of the tooth, which protects the sensitive dentine underneath. When the dentine is exposed through the softening of the enamel, pain and sensitivity is often experienced. Acid erosion can be caused by the regular eating of acidic foods. Other causes of acid erosion include:
-Consuming too much sour foods and candies
-Dry mouth: Saliva helps to wash away bacteria and control acidic levels in the mouth
-Acid reflux disease or heartburn: This can bring up stomach acid into the mouth
-A diet high in sugars and starch
Usually, acid erosion can be recognised due to the increase in sensitivity and wearing away of the tooth surface. In order to treat this sensitivity, fluoride heavy toothpaste is encouraged to rebuild and strengthen the enamel.